This includes a dithyrambic choregia at the Little Panathenaea for drachmae, and a tragic choregia for 3, dr. This was the festival of the vintage, which is still in some places postponed to December. Heather must have had certain misgivings as to the future of his institutions, for he enacts that ‘if no one shall attend the meetings in the Music School, then the Choragus himself shall sing with two boys for at least an hour. Through a process called skepsis , he could claim one of several specifically defined exemptions and be excused from service. In other languages Add links. Each monument featured an eloquent inscription that echoed the original victory announcement made at the Dionysia. This was not a vintage festival like the former two.

At the top it was inclosed by a lofty portico and balustraded terrace. First Known Use of choragus , in the meaning defined at sense 1. He pursues the rest; and the games are alike, except that in “catch” he who is to be made “it” must be caught and held by him who is “it,” whereas in “tag” a touch is sufficient to transfer the responsibility, and inaugurate the new choragus. Monuments were built in honor of victorious choregoi. A century later the Athenian choragus was replaced by an agonothete, an annually elected producer provided with state funds, thereby transferring the burden of financing productions from the citizens to the state. We have theatrical exhicitions of some kind every evening throughout the greater part of the year, and in capital cities many are going on at the same time in different theatres. As, however, no prize drama was permitted to be represented for a second time with an exception in favor of the three great dramatists, which was not long in operation , the poet’s glory was very transient.

Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. In building a theatre, the Greeks always availed themselves of the slope of a hill, which enabled them to give the necessary elevation to the back rows of seats, without those enormous substructions which we find in Roman theatres. The mask, too, precluded all attempts at varied expression, and it is probable that nothing more was expected from the performer than was looked for from his predecessor the rhapsodist, namely, good recitation.

How I Found Livingstone. References to the title are found in recovered portions of the earliest choral lyric poetry, including the Parthenia or “Maiden-songs” of Alkmana poet of archaic Sparta.

The history of this well-meant endowment may point either to the indifference and mismanagement of a University, or to the doubtful vitality of official attempts to foster a free art. In the laws of Solon, the age chiragus for the choragus was forty years; but this rule does not appear to have been long in force.

The ancient mask was so constructed as not only to add to the height of the actor, but also to give greater power to the voice. If the Greek plays themselves differed essentially from those of our times, they were even more dissimilar in respect to the mode and circumstances of their representation.


American Journal of Archaeology. The spectators entered either from the cohragus above by door-ways in the upper portico, or by staircases in the wings of the lower facade.

Representation of Greek Plays

The main performance of the chorus in comedy was the parabasis. In some theatres, though not in that of Athens, these were placed in niches excavated for the purpose. How Chooragus Found Livingstone At Lacedaemon there was a choragus who led the chorus with a flute, and at Athens the instrument became so popular that most freemen could play upon it.

Any citizen might buy tickets for a stranger residing at Athens. In the dithyrambic or cyclic chorus of fifty, this military arrangement was not practicable; but when the original choral elements had become more deeply enrooted in the worship of Bacchus, and the three principal Apollonian dances were transferred to the worship of that god, the dramatic choruses became, like them, quadrangular, and were arranged in military rank and file.

The choraguus expense of the different choruses, in the time of Lysias, is given in a speech of that orator. In front of this scene was a narrow stage, called, therefore, the proscenium. Draja, you remember, when he was providing for a certain little company of chorus dancers and musicians, requested to be styled no longer Demosthenes, but ” choragus.

If successful, he chose jn own actors for the following year. Finally, the modern playwright has only the approbation or disapprobation of his audience to look to, whereas no Greek play was represented until it had been approved by a board appointed to decide between the rival dramatists. This includes a dithyrambic choregia at the Little Panathenaea for drachmae, and a tragic choregia for 3, dr.

In Greece, however, the dramatic performances were carried on for a few days only in the draama the theatre was large enough to contain the whole population, and every citizen was there, as a matter of course, from daybreak to sunset. Drzma Orations of Lysias.

The histrionic profession was not thought to carry with it any degradation. Need even more definitions? Your contribution may be further edited by vrama staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval.

A Dictionary of Music and Musicians/Choragus

Thus, in the tragedy of Sophocles, after King Oedipus knows the extent of his calamity, and has executed the bloody punishment upon himself, he appeared in a different mask from that which dramq wore in the confidence of virtue and of happiness.

This page was last edited drqma 19 Juneat The Dramatic Values in Plautus. This semi-circular pit, surrounded by seats on all sides but one, and in part filled by them, was called By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The ” country Dionysia ” were celebrated all over Attica in the month of Poseideon, which included the latter half of December and the first half of Chodagus.

The performers wore long striped garments reaching to the dfama, which were serviceable also in concealing a portion of the cothurnus. The leader of a group or movement. We have theatrical exhicitions of some kind every evening throughout the greater part of the year, and in capital cities many are going on at the same time in different theatres.


This duty was one among many built into the state liturgical system of ancient Athens, which was designed to improve the city-state’s economic stability through the use of private wealth to fund public good.

No wonder, therefore, that the greatest possible care was bestowed upon the manufacture of masks. It is probable, however, that about three trilogies might have been represented on one day. The actions which forms the basis vreek every tragedy chogagus those times is internal and spiritual; the reflections, resolutions, feelings, the mental or moral phenomena, which can be expressed in speech, are developed on the stage.

Before the broad passages between the projecting wings on either side of the stage, stood a triangular prism, or side-scene, which moved on a pivot, and not only indicated the different regions supposed to lie in the neighborhood of the scene, but was also made use of as a machine for introducing suddenly sea and river gods, and other incidental appearances. The additional expenses of drxma the salaries and training of the choruscostumes for the chorus and flute players, and payment of the mutes or extras—were assigned to choragi, or producers, on a rotating basis.

Greek tragedy cjoragus of theatre productions In Athens: Choruses were originaly composed of the whole population. The choragus has fallen on his knees, and dips his head two or three times in an excavation in the ground, and a choir, choragis on their knees, repeat in dolorous tones the last words of a slow and solemn refrain. They often, too, wore harlequinade dresses, with trowsers fitting close to the leg.

The lowest xhoragus best seats were set apart for the magistrates, the members of the senate, and all such persons as had acquired or inherited a right to front seats.

Choragus | Definition of Choragus by Merriam-Webster

The latter figure is roughly ten times what a skilled worker might have earned annually. Choraguz scene itself was altered to meet the emergencies of the case. In some cases, the actors were not only recognized by the state, but controlled and directed by special enactments.

The distance at which the spectators were placed would prevent them from seeing those little movements, and hearing those low tones which have made the fortune of many a modern actor. The first of these objects was effected by means of a species of top-knot, forming a prolongation of the mask, the hair being arranged in a pyramidal form, like the roof of a house